The site of Palmyra, located in the Syrian desert not far from Damascus, is filled with towering ruins of an ancient city that used to be a cultural hub of the world. The city has origins dating back to the 1st century, when Rome took control of it and helped the city grow as a trade route to India, China and Persia.
It was built near a natural oasis in the desert, helping farmers and herders thrive. Rediscovered by travelers later in the 17th and 18th centuries, the architecture in this city then started influencing builders in that time. Today, the site of Palmyra is threatened due to the conflict going on in Syria.
Baths of Diocletian
The Baths of Diocletian make up important ruins in Palmyra. The ruins of the bathing pool remain, and the entrance is made up of Egyptian-style granite columns. The baths are not very well-preserved, but they still give an idea of what the baths would have been like back in the day. Diocletian had these baths built to help establish Palmyra as a military post.
The Funerary Temple is a temple that has some well-preserved columns still standing today. Not much is actually known about this temple, but it dates back to the 2nd or 3rd century. It is the only tomb that has been discovered within the walls of the city, so it is believed that it may have connections to the royal family of the time.
Ancient walls surround the city, built by Diocletian, who was the Roman emperor in the late 200’s. The walls were repaired in the 500’s by Justinian, the Byzantine emperor. Due to conflicts in Syria, there has been some exterior damage to the walls from weapons.