Petra, located in Jordan, is an ancient city existing within the red cliffs.
Standing at a crossroads, many travelers and merchants passed by, bringing wealth to the city. Possibly as many as 20,000 Nabataeans called Petra home, who built many great tombs and monuments.
The ancient people used natural springs to create reservoirs to support the population, which peaked around the year 50 A.D. As trade routes changed and moved away from Petra, the city slowly died out and became forgotten for at least 500 years.
This city of ancient wonders was built right into the sandstone cliffs. People chiseled the buildings out of the sandstone by hand, which over time became close to 3,000 tombs, halls, alters, homes, and other buildings.
The people of Petra painted these buildings in bright colors and made elaborate carvings on the front. Petra was a city that spread out through the gullies and up the cliffs.
The Siq is the main entrance going into Petra, starting at the Dam. It is a canal of rock that rises up to 80 meters and is 3 to 12 meters wide. Created by both natural formation and the Nabataean people, some of the remaining city gate can still be seen today.
Each side of the Siq contains a channel that drew water from the Valley into the city.
The Treasury has the most beautiful façade in the city. At 40 meters high, it has very intricate carvings showing a variety of images, including figures, friezes, and others. Legend has it that the funerary urn here holds the treasure of a pharaoh.
Built around the 1st century B.C., the original purpose of this building is unknown. There has been a recent discovery of a graveyard underneath.
The Monastery in Petra is one of the largest buildings in the city at 48 meters high. Built around the 2nd century, different religious associations used this building for meetings. The hall became a Christian chapel, with carvings of crosses in the back, giving this monument the name of Monastery.