The Mausoleum of the First Qin Emperor is an amazing archeological site that was recently discovered in 1974. Qin was emperor of China thousands of years ago, around 210 B.C. This mausoleum is a whole city located underground where Qin is buried, surrounded by his terracotta army of thousands of warriors, horses, weapons, and chariots.
Qin was the first emperor to fully unify China, so he was highly revered in his day. He is well-known for establishing a network of roads, a unified written language, and a standard for measurements and weights. Excavations are still happening today with new discoveries constantly being made.
The terra cotta army was built completely out of clay. They were built to guard Emperor Qin’s tomb for all of time. This mausoleum was forgotten about until 1975, when it was accidently rediscovered by local famers.
Each figure is unique and different from any of the others, giving the army the effect of realism. Even the horses, weapons, and chariots have different features and are elaborately made.
The terra cotta warriors
The terra cotta warriors are estimated to number around 7 to 8 thousand, each one carefully created as a unique individual. Weighing around 160 kilograms each and about 1.8 meters tall, these warriors were made in separate parts.
The upper half of the body was crafted separately from the legs and then was attached. To finish the look, the artists of these warriors used a thin clay layer and gave each warrior exclusive details to resemble real people.
Qin’s mausoleum was built to resemble the capital city of Qin’s time, Xianyan. Qin is buried in the center of this underground city of terra cotta warriors, with the warriors surrounding his burial on all sides.
The mausoleum covers a vast area of 49 square kilometers. More than 600 sites are within this mausoleum, many of which have not been fully explored.