The four sites of the property form a strip 170 km long by 3–15 km wide, crossing Belgium from east to west, consisting of the best-preserved 19th- and 20th-century coal-mining sites of the country.

It features examples of the utopian architecture from the early periods of the industrial era in Europe within a highly integrated, industrial and urban ensemble, notably the Grand-Hornu colliery and workers’ city designed by Bruno Renard in the first half of the 19th century. Bois-du-Luc includes numerous buildings erected from 1838 to 1909 and one of Europe’s oldest collieries dating back to the late 17th century.

While Wallonia had hundreds of collieries, most have lost their infrastructure, while the four components of the listed site retain a high measure of integrity.

- UNESCO (CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0)

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There are four mining areas registered as World Heritage sites.

Grand-Hornu

Major Mining Sites of Wallonia

Grand-Hornu ©Schwickerath


Complex of industrial buildings associated with coal mining which dates to the early 19th century. It was one of the first examples of town planning and is one of the world’s oldest company towns.

Bois-du-Luc

Major Mining Sites of Wallonia

Bois-du-Luc ©Bourgeois.A


One of the oldest coal mines in Belgium, the mine closed in 1973. The site is preserved as an ecomuseum while the site is best known as a company town

Bois du Cazier

Major Mining Sites of Wallonia

Bois du Cazier ©Bourgeois.A


A coal mine from 1822 to 1967, the Bois du Cazier is best known as the site of a major mining disaster of 1956 in which 262 miners, many of them Italian migrant workers, were killed.

Blegny-Mine

Major Mining Sites of Wallonia

Blegny-Mine ©Utilisateur:Bel Adone


A major coal mine in eastern Belgium which was the last to close in the province in 1980.

4 sites in this World Heritage

  • Grand Hornu
  • Bois-du-Luc
  • Bois du Cazier
  • Blegny-Mine

Grand Hornu

Bois-du-Luc

Bois du Cazier

Blegny-Mine

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