The maritime mercantile city of Liverpool was one of the most important trading centers of the world from the 18th to the 19th centuries. The British Empire grew with the help of Liverpool, which was a key port for moving a large amount of people, including slaves and emigrants, to America.
Liverpool is known for developing several innovative ideas and technology, including modern dock technology, port management and transport systems. There are a number of important historical buildings in the area, including the Royal Liver Building, the Port of Liverpool Building, the Cunard Building and the dock area, along with many others.
The Cunard Building is one of the most beautiful buildings in Liverpool with its Italian Renaissance and Greek architecture, inspired by grand Italian palaces. It was home to the Cunard White Star Line and the Gunard Steamship Company that merged together.
Many great ships were designed inside of this building, including the famous ships RMS Queen Elizabeth and RMS Queen Mary. During the second World War, it was used as an air raid shelter, and today contains many sculptures and a memorial.
Royal Liver Building
The Royal Liver Building is right on the Mersey River and was built back in 1911 for the Royal Liver Group employees. This building is innovative in that it was the first one ever to use reinforced concrete. Thirteen floors make up the Royal Liver Building, all giving fantastic views of the river.
Two clock towers sit on the top, originally designed so that passing ships can easily see the current time. These clocks are bigger than Big Ben in London, and each tower has a Liver Bird on top of it.
Port of Liverpool Building
The impressive Port of Liverpool Building was also built in the early 1900s. A large dome is centered on the top and is intricately decorated all over the inside and the outside. Lavish furnishings make up the interior, and visitors can find many maritime references all over.