In the Nasca and Palpa valleys of Peru, there are ancient geoglyphs and lines that form interesting shapes of plants, animals, and patterns.
These large shapes are etched into the ground and range from 165 feet to 985 feet long. Each shape is formed in just one unbroken line, puzzling many as to how they were created.
They are located a few hundred miles from Lima and were largely unnoticed until the first commercial pilots in Peru starting flying over them.
It has been interpreted that they were used as a large solar and lunar calendar that helped predict the best timing for harvesting and when the rains would come.
One of the most famous figures is the hummingbird, with wings that take up close to 216 feet. Research suggests that the hummingbird was used for religious and worship purposes by the people who lived in this desert in ancient times. The people worshipped the hummingbird as a way to give homage to a winged god in order to avoid punishment in the form of droughts, which was often a big worry for the ancient Nazca people.
Another famous geoglyph is a monkey that has a spiral tail and nine fingers. At 443 feet wide, it is believed to be one of the most important figures in this area and thought to represent Ursa Major. The researcher who discovered this shape believe that it was a spot for the ancient Nazca people to study the heavens. There is a group of constellations that correspond to the shape of the fingers and tail, and when these constellations appear in this shape, the rainy season is just starting.
The frigatebird geoglyph spans a distance of 525 feet, or a total of six soccer fields. This figure consists of a unique head that was created with circles. This geoglyph also matches the constellations in the sky, namely a specific alignment that only happens at certain times of the year. The frigatebird lines up with a particularly bright star that is located in the Pisces constellation called Fomalhaut.
The spider geoglyph is not the biggest at only 151 feet long but required a high level of skill in the creation. It corresponds with the Orion constellation, which is one of the brightest in our universe. This shape seems to also have been used to foresee when the rains would start each year.