The Kremlin and the Red Square are icons of Moscow that have been around for centuries.
The Kremlin is a whole complex of palaces, churches, and other structures, dating back to 1156, though the area was used even earlier than that by the Russian Orthodox Church. St. Basil’s Cathedral is an iconic church sitting on the Red Square just below the Kremlin.
This area has seen centuries of eventful history, from executions back in the 1600’s during Peter the Great’s time, to military parades during the Cold War.
The square is closed to all but foot traffic, so visitors can see and enjoy this beautiful space as it was hundreds of years ago.
The Kremlin was the home and work place for the ruling elite during the Soviet era. Today, it is still used by the president of Russia, but the other areas are now more accessible. The Kremlin contains museums holding treasured relics from throughout Russia’s history. There are also church services that are held within the many cathedrals that the Kremlin has.
The Red Square is a massive brick square that separates the Kremlin from the rest of the city. Some of the main uses of the square include a marketplace, a festival ground, a place for all sorts of gatherings, and a place where parades are put on. Visitors can find Lenin’s tomb near the Kremlin on the Red Square. Lenin’s body was embalmed in 1924 and put on view for all.
St. Basil’s Cathedral
The St. Basil’s Cathedral was built in the 16th century by the infamous Ivan the Terrible. Built in honor of his victory in defeating the Mongols, it is a beautiful church. Inside are painted walls and icons from throughout the churches history. The exterior is also a sight to see, with domed spires that top each of the nine chapels that this cathedral contains.