Located in Greenland, Ilulissat Icefjord is the mouth to the sea for the Sermeq Kujalleq glacier.
This glacier is one of the most active ones in the world with it’s large sheets of ice moving quickly down an icy stream into an iceberg covered fjord. This ice cap is the only one that still has ice from during the Quaternary Ice Age from 250,000 years ago. This ancient ice has helped us learn about climate changes in the past and even in the present day.
Today, snow replaces the amount of ice that melts on the ice cap, showing a fairly stable climate.
The Ilulissat Icefjord’s icebergs are very interesting in that they help tell us the history of planet Earth. Many of the large icebergs here seem as if they are really ice sculptures, or beautiful pieces of natural art.
There are a large number of icebergs in this area, equal to about the size of 66,000 football fields! The fjord is slowly getting longer, however, due to our climate gradually warming up.
The Sermeq Kujalleq produces many icebergs that flow into the fjord, as much as a tenth of all that exist in Greenland. The glacier is constantly melting and refreezing, creating icebergs that break off, collide with other icebergs, and enter into the Ilulissat Icefjord from a stream that was created long ago from erosion.
Visitors can take a plane ride over the fjord to see the whole size of the Ilulissat Icefjord. Boats are also an option, allowing visitors to see the icebergs rise up all around. The best time to go is during the night when the midnight sun hits the icebergs, changing them to all kinds of beautiful shades of different colors. There are also hiking paths around the ice fjord, allowing visitors to easily observe just how active the Ilulissat Icefjord really is.