The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, located in Peru, sits in a magnificent landscape high up in the Andes Mountains.
Machu Picchu was built in the 1400’s by the Incans but was abandoned when the Spaniards came and conquered them in the 1500’s. This ancient city then lay forgotten in the mountains for hundreds of years, until it was rediscovered in the early 1900’s. There are 200 structures making up this mountain city, built on a plan with a lower and an upper part.
There are still many mysteries surrounding Machu Picchu and the Incan people, but it is a beautiful city to marvel at.
There are all kinds of ruins in Machu Picchu, such as the ceremonial baths. These baths are just beyond the front gate, made up of 16 ceremonial baths that are connected to each other. The baths go all the way across the city, with stairs going along with them.
Intihuatana, otherwise known as the ‘Hitching Post of the Sun,’ is a rock pillar that has been carved out. Many think it is a sundial, but the Incans used this rock pillar to see when solstices were going to happen by looking at the angles this pillar created. Its purpose and use are not completely clear, however.
Hut of the Caretaker
The Hut of the Caretaker of the Funerary Rock is a great lookout point of Machu Picchu. The roof of the hut has been restored with thatch, protecting the integrity of it and providing a good shelter. There is a carved rock by this hut that may or may not have been used to mummify the nobles, which is where the name came from.