The historic center of Toledo, only 42 miles from Madrid, has 2,000 years of rich history with Jews, Romans, Christians, Muslims, and even Visigoths.
The Romans first used this city as a crossroads until the Visigoth King Atanagild moved his capital to Toledo. Muslims then took over the city, after which the city became independent and was a center for learning and the arts. Next, it became a seat of the Catholic church.
Many different cultures lived together peacefully until Granada fell and everyone was expected to convert to Christianity or run for their lives. Toledo survived the Spanish civil war, and today it is a world monument.
Alcazar, a fortress rising up into the sky, is a highlight of Toledo, originally built back in the 10th century. It has gone through several reconstructions, including after the Spanish Civil War. During this civil war, Alcazar held up through a 70-day siege. Today, it is home to the Spanish Army Museum.
The Tavera Hospital is another interesting site in Toledo that was built back in the 16th century. It is currently a museum where visitors can see historical medical tools, along with great art. The works of El Greco are on display here, including his sculptures.
The Toledo Cathedral is centuries old, first built by King San Fernando in 1226. Over the years, it has been added onto by different patrons. The Santiago Chapel was added in the 15th century, built in a beautiful Gothic style of architecture. There is a grand choir, along with some great works of art to see in the cathedral.
The Sepharad is a museum showcasing the many different cultures in the city. This building has gone through many uses, including a synagogue, a Christian church, a hospital, a military barrack, a shelter, a monument, and a few other uses throughout the years. The museum shows the heritage of the people who used this building and all of its diverse history.