The historic centre of Vienna was first formed by early Roman and Celtic settlements, which then turned into a thriving city that was the capital of the Austro-Hungarian Empire. It’s importance in Europe centered on music, among other things. Made up of three kilometers, the historic area has grandiose architecture with its Baroque castles and beautiful gardens, along with a number of great monuments and parks that line the Ringstrasse.
The imposing Imperial Palace is where the Habsburg Emperors once ruled from, and today can be visited by the public. Grand Vienna Balls are held here throughout the year, along with State ceremonies, parades, and choir singing. The old Imperial Stables now house the Egon Schiele, or Leopold, Museum. The famous Swiss Gate is located at the palace, which was named due to the Swiss Guard protecting the Hofburgs for a time.
horses and music
The Spanish Riding School of Vienna combines ancient traditions with horses and music, where the elegant Lipizzaner stallions put on regular performances. For 500 years, the Spanish Lipizzaner stallions and riders have been trained in the art that visitors will see at this dazzling show, which is put on almost daily.
The Stephansdom, also called St. Stephen’s Cathedral, is one of the most popular sights in historic Vienna. Built in the year 1147, it was the highest building of anywhere in Europe for a time. It is designed with a large roof and a tall, thin Gothic-style tower. Great works of art line the interior, and the cathedral has a big bell that is used on the New Year.