The historic centre of Rome is steeped in history that shaped the world and is still evident today. Legend has it that Rome was founded by Romulus and Remus in the year 753 B.C. This city was first the center of the Roman Republic, then the Roman Empire, and was even the capital for Christians, who built their city right on top of the ancient city.
Starting in the 15th century, Rome was ruled by the Popes, who promoted the Renaissance spirit. Rome is filled with amazing monuments that have been fairly well-preserved through the ages, including the Colosseum, the Pantheon, and Roman Forum, and more. Beautiful works of art from throughout the ages are located throughout the city, many of which will never be seen anywhere else.
The Pantheon in Rome is one of the best-preserved buildings in the city, and one of the most influential. It is a temple that is dedicated to the many gods of pagan Rome, built sometime between the years 118 and 125 A.D.
It has been in continuous use since it was first built, having been kept safe in the Pope’s possession since 608 A.D. The architecture is very interesting with its exact proportions and geometry, with a single hole for light at the very top of the dome.
The Roman Forum is a sprawling area that was once the central area of ancient Rome. This is where business took place, justice was delivered, cult and religious activities went on, and more.
The most important public buildings were located here, including the Arch of Septimus Severus and the Roman Forum Rostra, which is where public speeches were given.
Intricate statues and beautiful architecture covered the Forum in its time. Some of the main sights include the Arch of Titus, the Temple of Vesta, and the Temple of Saturn.
The Roman Colosseum, originally called the Flavian Amphitheater, was finished being built in the year 80 A.D., and is very close to the Roman Forum. There is a total of 80 entrances to give 55,000 people access into the Colosseum, who were then seated in designated areas depending on their rank.
Gladiators would fight in here for the spectators’ entertainment, one after another. If too much blood soaked through the sand, fresh sand would be brought on so the fights could continue.
Today, visitors can see the mostly intact Colosseum and even go down to where the gladiators were kept beneath before going in to fight.
2 sites in this World Heritage
- Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights
- San Paolo Fuori le Mura
Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights
San Paolo Fuori le Mura
- Historic Centre of Rome, the Properties of the Holy See in that City Enjoying Extraterritorial Rights and San Paolo Fuori le Mura
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