The historic centre of Florence, built on top of an ancient Etruscan site, was an important city during the Renaissance. Surrounded by walls from the 14th century, Florence was well-protected and has the Arno River flowing through it.
The city has been home to some of the greatest artists of all time, including Leonardo Da Vinci, Michelangelo, Boccaccio, Brunelleschi, Machiavelli, Dante, and Lorenzo de’ Medici.
Today, one can still experience the rich culture that this great city has cultivated over the past 700 years, the most notable achievements coming from during the Renaissance period.
Santa Maria del Fiore
The Santa Maria del Fiore is an impressive basilica with a great cupola that Brunelleschi designed. On one side, there are the “Gates of Paradise” that was created by Michelangelo, along with a bell tower that was designed by Giotto. Made out of white and green marble, this Duomo is a must-see for anyone visiting Florence.
It is the most notable building in the area, soaring up above most of the other buildings in this ancient city.
Church of Santa Croce
The Church of Santa Croce was rebuilt in 1294 and is where a number of important people who had a big influence on history are buried. Some of the most famous burials include Michelangelo, Machiavelli, Galileo, and Rossini. Filled with some amazing works of art, the church holds 16 intricate chapels for families and each one was dedicated to a certain saint.
The Uffizi is among the most famous museums in the whole world with a large amount of great art, especially from the Renaissance period. The Medici family left a big collection to the museum, with much of the art dated from the 12th through the 17th centuries.
Millions visit each year for good reason as some of the most famous pieces of art are within these walls, including works by Raffaello, da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Botticelli.
The Pitti Palace is home to a number of great museums and was the home to several well-off families during the Renaissance period. The beautiful Boboli Gardens are in this palace complex, filled with garden-covered walkways, carefully landscaped ponds, and large paths lined with intricate statues.
Other museums of interest include the Costume Gallery, the Carriage Museum, the Silver Museum, the Royal Apartments, the Palatina Gallery, and the Gallery of Modern Art.