The property includes the mining sites of Almadén (Spain), where mercury (quicksilver) has been extracted since antiquity, and Idrija (Slovenia), where mercury was first found in AD1490. The Spanish property includes buildings relating to its mining history, including Retamar Castle, religious buildings and traditional dwellings. The site in Idrija notably features mercury stores and infrastructure, as well as miners’ living quarters, and a miners’ theatre. The sites bear testimony to the intercontinental trade in mercury which generated important exchanges between Europe and America over the centuries. Together they represent the two largest mercury mines in the world, operational until recent times.

- UNESCO (CC-BY-SA IGO 3.0)

12 sites in this World Heritage

  • Almadén- Old Town
  • Mina del Castillo Buildings
  • Royal Forced Labour Gaol
  • San Rafael Royal Hospital for Miners
  • Bullring
  • Idrija – Old Town
  • Idrija – Smelting Plant
  • Idrija – Kamšt water pump with the Rake water channel and Kobila dam
  • Gorenja Kanomilja – Kanomilja or Ovcjak Water Barrier
  • Vojsko – Idrijca Water Barrier
  • Idrijska Bela – Putrih’s Water Barrier on the Belca creek
  • Idrijska Bela – Belca Water Barrier on the Belca creek (or Brus`s Water Barrier)

Almadén- Old Town

Mina del Castillo Buildings

Royal Forced Labour Gaol

San Rafael Royal Hospital for Miners

Idrija – Old Town

Idrija – Smelting Plant

Idrija – Kamšt water pump with the Rake water channel and Kobila dam

Gorenja Kanomilja – Kanomilja or Ovcjak Water Barrier

Vojsko – Idrijca Water Barrier

Idrijska Bela – Putrih’s Water Barrier on the Belca creek

Idrijska Bela – Belca Water Barrier on the Belca creek (or Brus`s Water Barrier)

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DATA

Region
Europe
Country
Slovenia Spain 
Category
Cultural
Name
Heritage of Mercury. Almadén and Idrija
Selection Criteria (?)
(ii)(iv)
Year of Registered
2012
Keyword
Registered in 2012