The Göreme National Park in Cappadocia is in a volcanic area in central Turkey. Inside of this park, there are rock formations that look like “fairy chimneys,” created by the ash that came out of the nearby volcanos.

Over the years, the ash became hard as rock, with water and wind turning these formations into different shapes. The tuff of these formations was soft enough to be carved out, enabling people to create homes and cities out of the hardened ash.

Throughout this area, more 30 underground cities have thrived. The people who originally built them did so for increased protection against wild animals and the harsh winters, and later on were used for hiding out.

WHY SPECIAL

7 sites in this World Heritage

  • Göreme National Park
  • Karain site
  • Karlik site
  • Yesilöz site
  • Soganli site
  • Subterranean city of Kaymakli
  • Subterranean city of Derinkuyu

Göreme National Park

Karain site

Karlik site

Yesilöz site

Soganli site

Subterranean city of Kaymakli

Subterranean city of Derinkuyu

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DATA

Region
Europe
Country
Turkey 
Category
Mixed
Name
Göreme National Park and the Rock Sites of Cappadocia
Selection Criteria (?)
(i)(iii)(v)(vii)
Year of Registered
1985
Keyword
National Park, Park, Registered in 1985