The Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications guard the border between Lisbon and Madrid. This city has the biggest group of dry-ditch land fortifications of anywhere in the world.

There are fortifications that go throughout the whole town, including thick walls and moats. There is a pleasant town plaza within its walls, along with some interesting museums. It is not a town that gets many tourists, but it has a unique atmosphere of being on the frontier inside of heavy fortifications.

Some of the remains in the city go all the way back to the 10th century, but the fortifications were not built until the 1600’s.

WHY SPECIAL

7 sites in this World Heritage

  • Amoreira Aqueduct
  • Historic Centre
  • Fort of Santa Luzia and the covered way
  • Fort of Garca
  • Fortlet of Sao Mamede
  • Fortlet of Sao Pedro
  • Fortlet of Sao Domingos

Amoreira Aqueduct

Historic Centre

Fort of Santa Luzia and the covered way

Fort of Garca

Fortlet of Sao Mamede

Fortlet of Sao Pedro

Fortlet of Sao Domingos

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DATA

Region
Europe
Country
Portugal 
Category
Cultural
Name
Garrison Border Town of Elvas and its Fortifications
Selection Criteria (?)
(iv)
Year of Registered
2012
Keyword
Fort and Fortress, Registered in 2012