Bamiyan Valley was at its height between the 1st and 13th centuries and is known for its Buddhist art and sanctuaries. There are eight sites in the valley, including the Kakrak Valley Caves, which is a collection of more than 100 caves. The Shahr-I Ghulghulah fortress was originally a settlement in this area that was along the Silk Road.

Today, it is threatened by the Taliban and some of the most important works of art in the valley have been destroyed. The biggest loss are the two large Buddha sculptures that were cut out of the rock.

WHY SPECIAL

8 sites in this World Heritage

  • Bamiyan Cliff including niches of the 38 meter Buddha, seated Buddhas, 55 meter Buddha and surrounding caves
  • Kakrak Valley caves including the niche of the standing Buddha
  • Qoul-I Akram Caves in the Fuladi Valley
  • Kalai Ghamai Caves in the Fuladi Valley
  • Shahr-i-Zuhak
  • Qallay Kaphari A
  • Qallay Kaphari B
  • Shahr-i-Ghulghulah

Bamiyan Cliff including niches of the 38 meter Buddha, seated Buddhas, 55 meter Buddha and surrounding caves

Kakrak Valley caves including the niche of the standing Buddha

Qoul-I Akram Caves in the Fuladi Valley

Kalai Ghamai Caves in the Fuladi Valley

Shahr-i-Zuhak

Qallay Kaphari A

Qallay Kaphari B

Shahr-i-Ghulghulah

DATA

Region
Asia and the Pacific
Country
Afghanistan 
Category
Cultural
Name
Cultural Landscape and Archaeological Remains of the Bamiyan Valley
Selection Criteria (?)
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
Year of Registered
2003
Keyword
Registered in 2003, Valley, World Heritage in Danger