The Acropolis in Athens, Greece is known as the “Sacred Rock.” It’s well-known throughout the world and is the most famous site in the city for its ancient Greek heritage that dates back to the 5th century B.C.
It was originally built as a place of Greek art and culture. This is where the freedom of thought first originated and started to spread to the rest of the world, along with democracy, philosophy, and theatre.
Starting in the Neolithic period, this area has been used continuously over the years in one way or another, whether as a place to worship or to live.
The Parthenon is the most famous landmark within the Acropolis, a temple that was dedicated to the Virgin Athena Parthenos. It functioned as the cathedral of the city during the 11th century.
The Parthenon is fairly large, built with eight Doric columns on the short sides and seventeen Doric columns on the long sides. Phidias was the architect of the decorating of this temple, installing great scenes of the Trojan War, the Amazonomachy, the Gigantomachy, and the Centauromachy on the walls for visitors to admire.
The Erechtheion is an Ionic style structure built sometime around 420 B.C. This temple is in two sections that are each dedicated to two gods, which are Attica and Athena, and Poseidon and Erechtheus. Outside of the building, the walls are decorated with a relief showing what many believe is Erechtheus’ birth.
Temple of Athena Nike
The Temple of Athena Nike was built around 420 B.C. in a location meant to protect the Acropolis. This small temple’s outer walls show a relief of gods having a conference on one side and battle scenes on the other three sides. The wall along the roof’s edge show victories, giving protection to the temple.
The Propylaea is the gateway into the Acropolis, built around 435 B.C. It is made up of a main building with two wings, built with both Doric and Ionic style columns. The north wing has paintings on the walls and the Propylaea’s ceiling is also decorated with paintings.